[筆記] 測試mail server 的SSL憑證的指令 Command to test mailserver SSL

今天老闆出國,發slack說手機不能寄信,看了一下,似乎是因為用GMAIL的APP來收信

然後google 不知道跟人家改了什麼,結果不接受原本的認證了… WTF ….

然後,這問題應該很久了,結果現在才在講 ….

底下都是用linux 主機來進行測試

windows環境應該也可以,只是要自己去安裝 openssl 軟體

To verify SSL, connect to any Linux server via SSH and use the instructions below:

測試 SSL-IMAP 993 port

1
openssl s_client -showcerts -connect mail.example.com:993

結果應該會像是這樣

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
2019-03-20 11:21:02 [changch@hqdc034 ~]$ openssl s_client -showcerts -connect mail.abc.com:993
CONNECTED(00000003)
depth=0 C = TW, ST = Taipei, L = Taipei, O = iredmail02.abc.com, OU = IT, CN = iredmail02.abc.com, emailAddress = root@iredmail02.abc.com
verify error:num=18:self signed certificate
verify return:1
depth=0 C = TW, ST = Taipei, L = Taipei, O = iredmail02.abc.com, OU = IT, CN = iredmail02.abc.com, emailAddress = root@iredmail02.abc.com
verify return:1
---
Certificate chain
0 s:/C=TW/ST=Taipei/L=Taipei/O=iredmail02.abc.com/OU=IT/CN=iredmail02.abc.com/emailAddress=root@iredmail02.abc.com
i:/C=TW/ST=Taipei/L=Taipei/O=iredmail02.abc.com/OU=IT/CN=iredmail02.abc.com/emailAddress=root@iredmail02.abc.com
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----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-----END CERTIFICATE-----
---
Server certificate
subject=/C=TW/ST=Taipei/L=Taipei/O=iredmail02.abc.com/OU=IT/CN=iredmail02.abc.com/emailAddress=root@iredmail02.abc.com
issuer=/C=TW/ST=Taipei/L=Taipei/O=iredmail02.abc.com/OU=IT/CN=iredmail02.abc.com/emailAddress=root@iredmail02.abc.com
---
No client certificate CA names sent
---
SSL handshake has read 1784 bytes and written 453 bytes
---
New, TLSv1/SSLv3, Cipher is ECDHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384
Server public key is 2048 bit
Secure Renegotiation IS supported
Compression: NONE
Expansion: NONE
SSL-Session:
Protocol : TLSv1.2
Cipher : ECDHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384
Session-ID: 44738AF637D8531FE4554D30FC2D33428A17BD3B63C38C9D51EA18567D77F9F4
Session-ID-ctx:
Master-Key: BEC2C876D0BE5066B7A1EC6BC06B8B72169FF6D6ADC77C45A080F6B7FCB23911134F815802BA80FC106C1E39F5FD28C3
Key-Arg : None
PSK identity: None
PSK identity hint: None
SRP username: None
TLS session ticket lifetime hint: 300 (seconds)
TLS session ticket:
0000 - 22 77 be c5 f2 e7 14 e1-b0 dc 1d 0b 00 a1 11 47 "w.............G
0010 - a0 c5 b5 26 fb 15 b7 07-60 9a 79 8a a6 a5 45 77 ...&....`.y...Ew
0020 - 74 de 1f 1e 8f b6 4d 29-66 6e 07 38 f3 d5 d8 35 t.....M)fn.8...5
0030 - 2a 83 36 56 6f d7 0e c6-19 95 60 c5 3f 3c 9b 25 *.6Vo.....`.?<.%
0040 - 75 0e 2a b6 57 cf 74 ad-36 e8 60 ee 37 30 ca e9 u.*.W.t.6.`.70..
0050 - e1 42 b2 28 7e 03 df 1a-50 0c 31 ce d1 97 f2 84 .B.(~...P.1.....
0060 - 2a 89 e1 c9 79 37 e1 37-9a f8 7f 8b 54 e0 ef 72 *...y7.7....T..r
0070 - 4f 97 f1 92 24 b1 c5 9c-97 e1 03 cf 93 7b d8 e7 O...$........{..
0080 - 72 6e 3d 33 a2 84 ea c3-9f 26 7f ae 99 29 88 04 rn=3.....&...)..
0090 - 20 86 63 d2 7d ef b1 da-46 6f 3b 3c 4d dc 39 f2 .c.}...Fo;<M.9.

Start Time: 1553052073
Timeout : 300 (sec)
Verify return code: 18 (self signed certificate)
---
* OK [CAPABILITY IMAP4rev1 LITERAL+ SASL-IR LOGIN-REFERRALS ID ENABLE IDLE AUTH=PLAIN AUTH=LOGIN] Dovecot (Ubuntu) ready.

2019-03-20 11:21:47 [changch@hqdc034 ~]$

測試SMTP TLS 587 port

1
openssl s_client -starttls smtp -showcerts -connect mail.example.com:587

指令有點不同,要加上 startls smtp 的參數
回應應該會是這樣

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
2019-03-20 11:50:48 [changch@hqdc034 ~]$ openssl s_client -starttls smtp -showcerts -connect mail.abc.com:587
CONNECTED(00000003)
depth=1 C = US, O = Let's Encrypt, CN = Let's Encrypt Authority X3
verify error:num=20:unable to get local issuer certificate
verify return:0
---
Certificate chain
0 s:/CN=mail.abc.com
i:/C=US/O=Let's Encrypt/CN=Let's Encrypt Authority X3
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----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-----END CERTIFICATE-----
1 s:/C=US/O=Let's Encrypt/CN=Let's Encrypt Authority X3
i:/O=Digital Signature Trust Co./CN=DST Root CA X3
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----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-----END CERTIFICATE-----
---
Server certificate
subject=/CN=mail.abc.com
issuer=/C=US/O=Let's Encrypt/CN=Let's Encrypt Authority X3
---
No client certificate CA names sent
---
SSL handshake has read 3279 bytes and written 456 bytes
---
New, TLSv1/SSLv3, Cipher is ECDHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384
Server public key is 2048 bit
Secure Renegotiation IS supported
Compression: NONE
Expansion: NONE
SSL-Session:
Protocol : TLSv1.2
Cipher : ECDHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384
Session-ID: F9FF6D75A3923A3B4E2CFBECC3DEAE2402FA99DA2B0746B6A2BF7E7E49F2E4D6
Session-ID-ctx:
Master-Key: 62D845C4754634DCDAE1AB544B06929504C6310B3CD6E4512E3718535D871F1115A78DB46FA608159F52169DE4D9E12F
Key-Arg : None
PSK identity: None
PSK identity hint: None
SRP username: None
Start Time: 1553053873
Timeout : 300 (sec)
Verify return code: 20 (unable to get local issuer certificate)
---
250 DSN

測試 SMTP SSL port 465
指令

openssl s_client -showcerts -connect mail.example.com:465

不過因為我沒開這個port ,所以就不測試了

You forgot to set the qrcode for Alipay. Please set it in _config.yml.
You forgot to set the qrcode for Wechat. Please set it in _config.yml.
You forgot to set the business and currency_code for Paypal. Please set it in _config.yml.
You forgot to set the url Patreon. Please set it in _config.yml.
Your browser is out-of-date!

Update your browser to view this website correctly. Update my browser now

×